posted September 15th, 2011 by
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By Lloyd Benedict

Service Animals have been around for many years and are becoming even more popular as our social environment has become more accessible to people with disabilities. Interestingly, there is no required license or registration process for service animals in the U.S. As such, any person could claim that an animal is a “service animal” and demand to bring it into locations where animals are normally prohibited, such as restaurants, medical facilities, pet-free housing and even airlines. However, one of the main goals of the recent changes within the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Federal law that protects persons with disabilities, was to reduce misrepresentations committed by people who falsely claim that their pets are service animals.

   Another important goal of the Americans with Disabilities Act is to ensure that businesses and organizations, serving the public, allow people with disabilities to bring their service animals into all areas of the facility where customers are normally allowed to go. This federal law applies to all businesses open to the public, including restaurants, hotels, taxis and shuttles, grocery and department stores, hospitals and medical offices, theaters, health clubs, parks and zoos, etc.

   A Service Dog is defined under Sec. 36.104 of the ADA as any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Other species of animals, whether wild or domestic, trained or untrained, are not service animals for the purposes of this definition. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the handler’s disability.

   Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision with navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing non-violent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting an individual during a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence of allergens, retrieving items such as medicine or the telephone, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability to individuals with mobility disabilities, and helping persons with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime deterrent effects of an animal’s presence and the provision of emotional support, well-being, comfort (i.e., therapy dogs), or companionship do not constitute work or tasks for the purposes of this definition.
   Service Dogs must be allowed to go any public place their handler goes. It is required under federal and state laws that they be allowed to do so. They do not have to wear any specific identifying gear, including vests. Many Service Dog users choose to dress their dogs in a vest or other identifying apparel in order to make access easier, as it avoids many questions and confrontations. This is a personal choice, and is not required by law. It is illegal to ask for any special identification from Service Dog owners. Some carry ID cards, and may present them voluntarily, but this also is not required, and should not be expected. A business owner may NOT ask for “proof” or certification of the dog’s training as a condition of entry into their business.
   If a Service Dog misbehaves and places someone in danger, a business owner has the right to ask the partner to get control of the animal, or please leave. This should be only an isolated incident, and cannot be used to determine future access based upon what “might” happen or has happened in the past. A person with a Service Dog cannot be refused entry based on the actions of another service animal. For example, a business owner cannot say, “Oh, that last Service Dog team that was in here left a mess, so I’m not letting any Service Dogs into my store anymore.” This is discrimination and can be punishable by law. Remember, too, that Service Dogs are just that – dogs, and they can have bad days just like people can. They are not robots and cannot be expected to act perfectly all the time.

   You should also be aware that the ADA has some exceptions and additional rules. According to the ADA, a public accommodation (which basically means a business our public entity holding themselves accessible to the public) may ask an individual with a disability to remove a service animal from the premises if:

  • The animal is out of control and the animal’s handler does not take effective action to control it; or
  • The animal is not housebroken.
  • If a public accommodation properly excludes a service animal under this section, it shall give the individual with a disability the opportunity to obtain goods, services, and accommodations without having the service animal on the premises.
  • A service animal shall be under the control of its handler. A service animal shall have a harness, leash, or other tether, unless either the handler is unable because of a disability to use a harness, leash, or other tether, or the use of a harness, leash, or other tether would interfere with the service animal’s safe, effective performance of work or tasks, in which case the service animal must be otherwise under the handler’s control (e.g., voice control, signals, or other effective means).
  • A public accommodation is not responsible for the care or supervision of a service animal.
  • A public accommodation shall not ask about the nature or extent of a person’s disability, but may make two inquiries to determine whether an animal qualifies as a service animal. A public accommodation may ask if the animal is required because of a disability and what work or task the animal has been trained to perform. A public accommodation shall not require documentation, such as proof that the animal has been certified, trained, or licensed as a service animal. Generally, a public accommodation may not make these inquiries about a service animal when it is readily apparent that an animal is trained to do work or perform tasks for an individual with a disability (e.g., the dog is observed guiding an individual who is blind or has low vision, pulling a person’s wheelchair, or providing assistance with stability or balance to an individual with an observable mobility disability).
  • Individuals with disabilities shall be permitted to be accompanied by their service animals in all areas of a place of public accommodation where members of the public, program participants, clients, customers, patrons, or invitees, as relevant, are allowed to go.
  • A public accommodation shall not ask or require an individual with a disability to pay a surcharge, even if people accompanied by pets are required to pay fees, or to comply with other requirements generally not applicable to people without pets. If a public accommodation normally charges individuals for the damage they cause, an individual with a disability may be charged for damage caused by his or her service animal.


   Interestingly, and what I will forever keep in my “OMG, I can’t believe this is true” file, is that the ADA specifically makes a narrow exception to allows miniature horses also as service animals. However, before you go out and swap Fido out for Lil’ Trigger, you should be aware that there are some considerable differences when your service animal is a miniature horse, such as:

  • A public accommodation shall make reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures to permit the use of a miniature horse by an individual with a disability if the miniature horse has been individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of the individual with a disability.
  • Assessment factors: In determining whether reasonable modifications in policies, practices, or procedures can be made to allow a miniature horse into a specific facility, a public accommodation shall consider:
  • The type, size, and weight of the miniature horse and whether the facility can accommodate these features;
  • Whether the handler has sufficient control of the miniature horse;
  • Whether the miniature horse is housebroken; (Thank goodness for this rule.)
  • Whether the miniature horse’s presence in a specific facility compromises legitimate safety requirements that are necessary for safe operation.


   Oklahoma also has laws concerning Service Dogs. However, if a state law ever conflicts with a federal law, then the federal law is the law that must be followed. For instance, Oklahoma requires any driver of a vehicle who knowingly approaches within 15 feet of a person who is in the roadway or at an intersection and who is wholly or partially blind and who is carrying a cane or walking stick white in color, or white tipped with red, or who is using a dog guide wearing a specialized harness, or who is wholly or partially deaf and is using a signal dog wearing an orange identifying collar, or who is physically handicapped and is using a service dog, shall immediately come to a full stop and take such precautions before proceeding as may be necessary to avoid accident or injury to the person wholly or partially blind, deaf or physically handicapped. For purposes of this section, a “dog guide” means any dog that is specially trained to guide a blind person. 

   Oklahoma law, in short, further defines and provides that:

  • Any {disabled person}who is a passenger on any public transportation operating within this state shall be entitled to have with him or her a guide, signal, or service dog specially trained or being trained for that purpose, without being required to pay an additional charge.
  • A {disabled person} shall not be denied admittance to any {public place} where the general public is regularly, normally, or customarily invited within the State of Oklahoma. Such {disabled persons}shall not be required to pay any additional charges for his or her guide, signal, or service dog, but shall be liable for any damage done to the premises by such dog.
  • A dog used by a deaf or hard-of-hearing person shall be required to wear an orange identifying collar.


   For the purposes of this Oklahoma Statute:

            1. “Physically handicapped person” means any person who has a physical impairment             which severely and permanently restricts mobility of two or more extremities, or who is         so severely disabled as to be unable to move without the aid of a wheelchair;

            2. “Service dog” means any dog individually trained to the physically handicapped             person’s requirements; and

            3. “Signal dog” means any dog trained to alert a deaf or hard-of-hearing person to             intruders or sounds.

   Oklahoma even has very strict laws that protect Service Animals. Note that as you read this law, it uses the term “Service Animals” not just “Service Dogs.” I was also unable to find any federal laws that address this same issue, therefore Oklahoma’s law is the controlling one.  According to Oklahoma Statutes:

  • No person shall willfully harm, including torture, torment, beat, mutilate, injure, disable, or otherwise mistreat or kill a service animal that is used for the benefit of any handicapped person in the state.
  • No person including, but not limited to, any municipality or political subdivision of the state, shall willfully interfere with the lawful performance of any service animal used for the benefit of any handicapped person in the state.
  • Any person convicted of violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine not exceeding $1,000.00, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding 1 year, or both.
  • Any person who knowingly and willfully and without lawful cause or justification violates the provisions of this section, during the commission of a misdemeanor or felony, shall be guilty of a felony, punishable by a fine not exceeding $1,000.00, or by imprisonment not exceeding 2 years, or both.
  • Any person who {injures or kills} or to interfere with a service animal in any place where the service animal resides or is performing, shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor. Additionally, the court shall order the violator to make restitution to the owner of the service animal for actual costs and expenses incurred as a direct result of any injury, disability or death caused to the service animal, including but not limited to costs of replacing and training any new service animal when a service animal is killed, disabled or unable to perform due to injury.
  • No {government entity}, or any official thereof, may enact or enforce any ordinance or rule that requires any registration or licensing fee for any service animal as defined in this section that is used for the purpose of guiding or assisting a disabled person who has a sensory, mental, or physical impairment. Any official violating the provisions of this paragraph shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $50.00.
  • A “service animal” means an animal that is trained for the purpose of guiding or assisting a disabled person who has a sensory, mental, or physical impairment.


   Lastly, Oklahoma’s Landlord and Tennant Act prohibit discrimination against tenants who have “Service Dogs.” The law states: (as you read, keep in mind that the Landlord would also be held to the same ADA rules as discussed above).

  • A landlord shall not deny or terminate a tenancy to a blind, deaf, or physically handicapped person because of the guide, signal, or service dog of such person.


   The following list will be helpful for those of you who may require enforcement of these laws against those who violate your rights as a Service Animal owner or if you are a business owner who needs further clarification:

Problems with Access to Public Places: contact Dept. of Justice at (800) 514-0301; TTY (800) 514-0383;

Problems with Housing: contact Dept. of Housing and Urban Development at (202) 708-1112; TTY (202) 708-1455;

Problems with Traveling: Dept. of Transportation at (202) 366-4000;

Problems at Work: contact Job Accommodation Network, a free service of the Office of Disability Employment Policy of the Department of Labor, at (800) 526-7234.


  1. Kim Cupples says:

    The article about service animals is a wonderful article, but one note to add is there is an organization in Oklahoma that rescues dogs from local shelters and then trains them to become service dogs for people with different medical needs. They train dogs for people with autism, diabetes, seizure disorders, post tramatic stress disorders, Parkinson’s, along with other mobility disorders. The organization is High Plain Service Dogs and Theraputic Riding Service. They are on Facebook and have their own website. This is such a win-win organization, the dogs get a second chance at life and the individual that gets the dog literally has a new leash on life with the increased freedom that the dog can and does provide. Check them out, they’re in Purcell, OK and Kim Morgan is the director of this small group. She has had a couple of fundraisers in Tulsa for a young man, age 7, with seizures and autism.

  2. Mary Richardson says:

    @ Kim, from what I understand, High Plains is not an accredited organization through Assistance Dogs International. That’s rather important when you are counting on your dog for help.

  3. ALMA NELSON says:

    The child mentioned above (7 yr old with seizures and autism) is my grandson. High Plains has been paid over $1200.00 and we still do not have a dog and it has been 1 1/2 yrs!!!

  4. Dave says:

    @ Mary, the ADA (American Disabilities Act) does not require any certification or license the service dogs, nor does it care if a dog is trained by a so called professional or by an individual. The laws apply to all equally. All though Assistance Dogs International seems to be a good group of people doing a fine work, they have no say on what makes a service dog, only the ADA does since they are more than another organization but are actually part of the Government. I have done a lot research into this due to the fact I decided to train my own dog and made sure she has all the rights of any other trained service dog.

    @ Alma, my heart goes out to you for your grandson. I am not aware of who High Plains is so I do not defend them however the average cost of training a service dog is near $20,000 and the average wait time for one that is donated can be from 6 months to 6 years. Some companies are backlogged 10 years while others just turn down new clients. I hope he gets an aid dog soon, I know I would be lost without mine

  5. Denene Harper says:

    Mrs. Nelson, I believe this, she is a crook I am forunate I got my money back, I didn’t pay her that much but she wouldn’t respond to me and update me on anything, she when she finally did had a excuse always. I knew immediatelly she was up to no good. I never got a dog from her and now training one finally for myself. It’s extremely difficult with my mobility disability. I am slowly but surely getting her trained I hope she will continue her training as good as she is doing and be able to be a full service dog and not in training in time. Best wishes to your grandchild.

    Denene Harper
    [email protected]

  6. Dee says:

    I have a question if anyone can answer. I was told by local law enforcement, in Northeast oklahoma, that my service dog that I am training has to take a public access test before being able to be a full service dog. Is this so and if it is where do I take my dog to be tested?


  7. Dennis Johns says:

    Is a Chef or Cook allowed to have a Service Dog in the food preparation area, since a Service Dog is allowed in an area where food is served and eaten?

  8. Brett says:

    @ Dee The officer is prob. thinking of the Canine Good Citizen (CGC) from the AKC., which you could find the next testing in your area for relative easily online on the AKC website. BUT your dog DOES NOT need that test, NOR any other test or certification to be taken out in public. All these “big” training organizations use the same, or very, very similar, “Public Access Test” to “Test” your dog and then tell you that it can go out in public. BUT AGAIN, IT IS NOT REQUIRED BY ANY FEDERAL or STATE LAW!!! I Am Posting this “Test” below for any and all who wish to have, and PLEASE SHARE IT, so these large organizations won’t have this special thing to hold over your head and try to get you to pay them money for.

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this Public Access Test is to ensure that animals who have public access are stable, well-behaved, and unobtrusive to the public. It is to ensure that the animal is under control and the team is not a public hazard. The test should also demonstrate the behaviors that mitigate the handler’s disability. Often this is obvious as the test sections are performed. Otherwise, handlers should include either a short demo at the end of the test or a written statement describing the mitigating behavior(s) and why they could not be taped.
    BOTTOM LINE: The bottom line of this test is that the animal demonstrates that he/she is safe to be in public and that the person demonstrates that he/she has control of the animal at all times. For this reason, aggressive behavior (growling, biting, raising hackles, showing teeth, etc.) is cause for failure, regardless of performance otherwise. Also, this test was originally created with dogs in mind. Adjustments may need to be made for other species and should be noted either in writing when the tape is submitted or explained on the tape itself.
    TESTING EQUIPMENT: All testing shall be done with equipment appropriate to the needs and abilities of the team. All animals shall be on-lead at all times except in the vehicle at which time it is optional.
    COMMANDS: Commands may be given to the animal using any combination of hand signals or verbal commands or both. The human partner will handle the animal and can use any reasonable/humane equipment necessary to ensure control of the animal.
    1. CONTROLLED UNLOAD OUT OF VEHICLE: In the parking lot of the public place, the human partner will unload the animal and any necessary equipment (wheelchair, walker, crutches, etc.) out of the vehicle. The dog must wait until released before coming out of the vehicle. Once outside, it must wait quietly unless otherwise instructed. The animal may not run around, be off lead, or ignore commands. Once the team is out of the vehicle and settled, someone should walk past with another animal. They should walk within six (6) feet of the team. The Service Animal must remain calm and under control, not pulling or trying to get to the other animal.
    2. APPROACHING THE BUILDING: After unloading, the team must maneuver through the parking lot to approach the building. The animal must stay in a relative heel position and may not forge ahead or lag behind. The animal must not display a fear of cars or traffic noises and must display a relaxed attitude. When the human partner stops for any reason, the animal must stop also.
    3. CONTROLLED ENTRY THROUGH A DOORWAY: Once at the doors of the building, the human partner may enter however he/she chooses to negotiate the entry safely. Upon entering the building, the animal may not wander off or solicit attention from the public. The animal should wait quietly until the team is fully inside and then walk beside the human partner. The animal must not pull or strain against the lead or try to push its way past the human partner but must wait patiently while entry is completed.
    4. HEELING THROUGH THE BUILDING: Once inside the building, the human partner and the animal must walk through the area in a controlled manner.
    The animal should always be within touching distance or no greater than a foot
    away from the human partner. The animal should not solicit public attention or strain against the lead. (In cases where the animal is pulling a wheelchair, straining to pull is obviously allowed.) The animal must readily adjust to speed changes, turn corners promptly, and travel through a crowded area without interacting with the public. In tight quarters, the animal must be able to get
    out of the way of obstacles and not destroy merchandise by knocking it over or
    by playing with it.
    5. SIX FOOT RECALL ON LEAD: A large, open area should be found for this exercise. The animal should remain on lead for this exercise. The human partner will sit the animal, leave it, travel six feet (usually the length of the lead), then turn and call the animal to him/her. The animal should respond promptly. The recall should be smooth and deliberate, without the animal trudging to the human partner or taking any detours along the way. The animal should come close enough to the human partner to be readily touched.
    6. SITS ON COMMAND: The team will demonstrate the animal’s response to the “Sit” command on three separate occasions. The animal must respond promptly each time. The first sit will be next to a plate of food placed upon the ground. The animal must not attempt to eat or sniff the food. The human partner may correct the animal verbally or physically away from the food, but then the animal must maintain a sit while ignoring the food. The animal should not be taunted or teased with the food. This situation should be made as realistic as possible.
    The animal should sit a second time, and someone will approach with a shopping cart, and pass within three feet of the animal and continue on. The
    animal should maintain the sit and not show any fear of the shopping cart. If
    the animal starts to move, the human partner may correct the animal to maintain the sit.
    The last sit will be a sit with a stay as a person walks up behind the team, talks to the person and then pets the animal. The animal must hold position. The
    animal may not break the stay to solicit attention. The human partner may repeat the stay command and may make reasonable physical corrections.
    7. DOWNS ON COMMAND: The down exercises will be performed in the same sequence as the sits with the same basic stipulations. The first down will be at a table where food will be dropped on the floor. The animal should not break the down to go for the food. The human partner may give verbal and physical corrections to maintain the down.
    During the second down, an adult and child should approach the animal. The animal should maintain the down and not solicit attention. If the child pets the animal, the animal must behave appropriately and not break the stay. The human partner may give verbal and physical corrections if the animal begins to
    break the stay.
    During the third down, someone will be asked to step over the animal. The animal may not break the stay, but may look up to see what’s going on. The human partner may give corrections as indicated above.
    8. NOISE DISTRACTION: The team will be heeling along and someone should drop a noisy item (keys, for example) behind the team. The animal may acknowledge the noise, but may not in any way show aggression or fear. A normal startle reaction is fine–the animal may jump and or turn–but the animal should quickly recover and continue along on the heel. The animal should not become aggressive, begin shaking, etc.
    9. RESTAURANT: The team should enter a restaurant and be seated at a table.
    The animal should go under the table or, if size prevents that, stay close by the human partner. The animal must sit or lie down and may move a bit for comfort during the meal, but should not be up and down a lot or need a lot of correction or reminding. This would be a logical place to do the food drop during a down. (See #7)
    10. OFF LEAD: Sometime during the test, while moving, the human partner should drop the leash so it is apparent to the animal. The human partner must show the ability to maintain control of the animal and get the leash back in its appropriate position. This exercise will vary greatly depending on the person’s disabilities. The main concern is that the animal be aware that the leash is dropped and that the human partner demonstrate the ability to maintain control of the animal and get the leash back into proper position.
    11. CONTROLLED UNIT: The team will leave the building in a similar manner to entering, with safety and control being of prime importance. The team will proceed across the parking lot and back to the vehicle. The animal must be in appropriate heel position and not display any fear of vehicle or traffic sounds.
    12. CONTROLLED LOAD INTO VEHICLE: The human partner will load the animal into the vehicle, with either entering first. The animal must not wander around the parking lot but must wait patiently for instructions.
    © Assistance Dogs International, Inc. 1997
    Administering this test by non members of Assistance Dogs International is not authorized by Assistance Dogs International nor would completion of this test be considered certification by Assistance Dogs International. Assistance Dogs International accepts no liability for use of this test.
    ANIMAL’S NAME:_______________________________________________
    HUMAN PARTNER’S NAME:____________________________________________
    DATE OF TEST:____________________________
    1. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    2. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    3. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    4. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    5. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    6. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    7. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    8. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    9. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    10. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    11. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____
    12. PASS _____ NEEDS MORE WORK _____

  9. Kelly Carter says:

    Mr. Benedict, great article and a timely one. Thanks Tulsa Pets.

    A couple of questions I’ve been asked is what, if any, paperwork is required by airlines and how will they fly?

    Also, would be delighted to see Oklahoma simulate the Colorado Prison Dog Programs and see many more dogs turned out as true service dogs for children with diabetes, dogs for the blind, dogs for the deaf and other areas that people can be benefitted. OK does not need to reinvent the wheel. Follow a state with a program that works and is standing the test of time.

    Brett, good info on Public Access Testing. Any service dog should easily be able to pass the “public access test”. It would rid businesses of many of the “pretenders” if it was required. It’s a shame it isn’t required. However, just the testing of dogs brings up more bureaucratic intrusion & more time & money. Can see the pros and cons.

  10. Ashley says:

    I know this is going to make some people angry but I think the animals should have to go through specific training and not only be registered but certified to be a service animal. It’s too easy for someone to say “oh it’s my service animal” and we have to just go with it. Just because you can make your dog sit or lay down at home or in a training class scenario, doesn’t mean they behave like that in public. I just think there should be more requirements to be a service animal.

  11. Nancy says:

    Dear Ashley -It’s a nice idea but who will pay for this process? Most service dogs do have certification but that is from the organization who trained the dog. All “real” service dogs are trained for public access and behave beautifully – they are durable medical equipment.

    Service dogs have 100’s of hours of training – that doesn’t stop at placement. Service dog teams are not happy with the fakers that cause problems for those who need their service dogs – instead of throwing the baby out with the bath water – why not lobby your state to create punishment or large fines for the fakers – and with just a little training you can spot the fakes a mile away!

  12. Belle says:

    Fakers are out there, yet many service dogs are NOT from an organization who trained the dog. They are trained by the disabled person or the family. There are many disabilities that do not have large organizations that uses or helps with service dogs.

    Proof my mistress trained me to serve her with her documented multiple disabilities. No one helped her or show us kindness over the years. I am now in the golden years as she searches for my replacement. All cost are hers with no help from anyone, so when people call her and me a FAKE lets go to court and sue you for slander.
    With me by her side, mistress has finished her bachelor degree, and now in law school.
    We would love (and need) the money from you BAD and MEAN PEOPLE!!!

    Service dogs do a job, making live easier for the disabled person.

  13. Dave says:

    I see online companies that offer support animal certificates for $65. They claim you can have an emotional support animal if you have anxiety or other “emotional” problems. Then you can use your emotional support animal to rent a “no pets” home with no pet deposit. Voila! Legalized fraud. Any comments pro or con?

  14. Katie Jones says:

    I can attest that if one has anxiety, depression, panic attacks, etc., having a loving, nonjudgmental, furry friend to hold can help to relieve these problems. I, for one, would like more information regarding emotional support animals. Thank you for supporting those that need companions.

  15. lisa says:

    Has anyone heard of a Service Dog accompanying a child in a public school? Our daughter has severe anxiety and it may help.

  16. James says:

    I understand that there are no recognized accredited trainers or kennels by the U.S. Government or the ADA in anyway for SERVICE DOGS

  17. Myrta says:

    Landlords need medical documentation from a doctor necessitating the need for a disability animal before they forego pet deposits and refuse rental if there is a “No Pets” policy. Fraud happens everywhere from your Avon sales rep to other more lucrative businesses. There are steps in place for abuse of the system and shame on anyone who tries to do this who doesn’t have a “need” like my son does.

  18. order online says:

    Thanks for sharing such a good thinking, article is nice, thats why i have read
    it fully

  19. Patrick says:

    If the letter that is provided is from a licensed professional, does that licensed professional need to be licensed in the state where the letter is being used? In other words, can I use a letter in Oklahoma that was provided to me from a licensed professional in Chicago? And does that letter expire in one year, and need to be renewed? Thank you.

  20. I never knew that service animals can only be dogs. We are looking into getting our dog trained and certified as a service dog for my conditions. I appreciate the information on dog laws for service pets.

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